What is fistula surgery

What is fistula and what causes it?

The fistula is the tunnel that connects the gland to that opening. Most of the time, an abscess causes a fistula. It’s rare, but they can also come from conditions like tuberculosis, sexually transmitted diseases, or an ongoing illness that affects your bowels.28 мая 2020 г.

How serious is a fistula?

How serious is a fistula? Fistulas can cause a lot of discomfort, and if left untreated, may cause serious complications. Some fistulas can cause a bacteria infection, which may result in sepsis, a dangerous condition that can lead to low blood pressure, organ damage or even death.

Is fistula surgery painful?

You’re likely to have some discomfort for the first week or so after having anal fistula surgery. You can take over-the-counter painkillers such as paracetamol or ibuprofen if you need pain relief. Constipation can be common after surgery.

How is fistula surgery done?

The type of surgery you need will depend on where the fistula is (see figure 1). If the fistula is below or crosses the lower part of the sphincter muscles, your surgeon will cut the fistula open to the skin and leave the wound open so that it can heal with healthy tissue.

What is the main cause of fistula?

An anal fistula most often happens from an anal gland that has developed a pus-filled infection (abscess). A fistula can also happen with certain conditions such as Crohn’s disease. Or it may happen after radiation therapy for cancer. Injury to the anal canal and surgery can also cause anal fistulas.

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What color is fistula drainage?

One week after surgery, the wound begins discharging copious amounts of green drainage and an opening from a fistula develops at the medial aspect of the wound (see photograph). High output from a fistula can trigger fluid and electrolyte imbalances, so watch for sodium, potassium, and chloride depletion.

Can you live with fistula?

There’s no quick fix. You might think there’s a quick solution for these types of things but often, patients can live with them for years. Some surgeries can help drain abscesses or open the fistula to heal it, but success rates vary and they often end up recurring.

What is the best treatment for fistula?

A fistulotomy is the most effective treatment for many anal fistulas, although it’s usually only suitable for fistulas that do not pass through much of the sphincter muscles, as the risk of incontinence is lowest in these cases.

What food should be avoided in fistula?

Fistula Diet Restrictions

  • Spicy foods: Avoid spicy as well as hot food items, which increases pain and bleeding during defecation.
  • Caffeine: Avoid caffeine when having a fistula because it can lead to dehydration.
  • Alcohol: This can also cause dehydration leading to hard stools.

How do you poop after fistula surgery?

You can make your bowel movements less painful by getting enough fiber and fluids. And you can use stool softeners or laxatives. Sitting in warm water (sitz bath) after bowel movements will also help. You may notice a small amount of pus or blood draining from the opening of your fistula.

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Can I walk after fistula surgery?

It is important that patients are able to rest for several days following the surgical procedure. During this time, they should allow their bodies to recover, and avoid sitting or walking for too long. Many people find it more comfortable to wear loose-fitting clothes during the recovery period.

How long is a fistula operation?

The operation usually takes 30 minutes. The exact procedure will depend on the type of fistula you have. Your surgeon will examine the fistula and decide the best way to treat it. If the fistula is superficial, it can be “laid open”.

What is the fastest way to recover from a fistula surgery?

You may need rest for a few days after your operation, but you should avoid sitting still for a long time. Also avoid doing too much walking. When you are resting, the following tips may help make you more comfortable: wear loose-fitting clothes and underwear.

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